Device for receiving and separating chips and cooling liquid collection and overflow on machine tools  

Research Title: Device for receiving and separating chips and cooling liquid collection and overflow on machine tools

Research Category: Bulk Material Handling

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Researchers: Ackermanns, Leo J. P
Location: Detroit, Michigan, United States

Research Details

A device is disclosed for receiving and separating chips and coolant collecting on machine tools in which unfiltered coolant is prevented from penetrating tanks for filtered coolant in the event a receiving tank overflows. This is achieved in that holders, whose projecting ends, which are directed downward, extend into an overflow channel, are tightly attached externally to the wall of the receiving tank. The overflow channel is guided around the device at a level below the top edge of the receiving tank and is removably held on the holders. The overflow channel tightly covers tanks located beneath it having filtered coolant. The inner edge of the overflow channel neighboring the receiving tank lies at a higher level than the outer edge of the overflow channel, which is further away from the receiving tank, and at least one outlet device is provided in the bottom region of the overflow channel. DESCRIPTION The present invention relates to a device for receiving and separating chips and coolant collecting on machine tools, the coolant being returned for reuse and the chips being removed, having a receiving tank to receive the chips and the coolant, a rising guide section adjoining the receiving tank, an elevated discharge section adjoining the guide section, a chain-like closed transport element, which, at least in the region receiving the chips and the coolant and in the discharge section, is guided over deflection elements, at least one of which is coupled to a rotary drive, and a rotatably mounted filter drum, which is in drive connection with the transport element. During the transport of chips and coolant, blockages of the transport paths may not be completely prevented. In addition, the occurrence of the chips and the coolant may be distributed greatly irregularly over time. In turn, a backup of the coolant in the device and therefore also a rise of the coolant may result from this, which may, in the most unfavorable case, have an overflow of the unpurified coolant over the upper edge of the receiving tank as a consequence. Such an overflow may then reach regions which are to be kept clean and containers containing coolant which has already been purified. The object of the present invention is therefore, in case of such an overflow, to prevent the contamination of regions to be kept clean and of tanks containing coolant which has already been purified and, in addition, to make the overflow situation visually recognizable to the operating personnel. This object is achieved by a device of the type initially described according to the present invention in that holders, whose projecting ends, which are directed downward, extend into an overflow channel, are tightly attached externally to the wall of the receiving tank; the overflow channel is guided around the device at a level below the upper edge of the receiving tank and is removably held on the holders, the overflow channel tightly covers tanks located beneath it having filtered coolant, the inner edge of the overflow channel neighboring the receiving tank lies at a higher level than outer edge of the overflow channel, which is further away from the receiving tank, and at least one outlet device is provided in the bottom region of the overflow channel. The overflow channel has a storage volume which may accommodate overflowing contaminated coolant for some time. If this storage volume is not sufficient, an overflow occurs at the outer edge of the channel. The purified coolant located below the channel is protected from recontamination. According to a further suggestion of the present invention, the overflow channel may be implemented as U-shaped. According to a further suggestion of the present invention, the outlet device may have a screen which is fixed on the edge of an opening in the bottom of the overflow channel. The filter properties of the screen expediently correspond to those of the filter cloth which is used on the filter drum. In this way, it is ensured that the coolant which passes through the outlet device into a container having purified coolant is of the same degree of purity as the coolant located there, i.e., contamination is avoided. According to a further suggestion of the present invention, a cover is provided over the screen which leaves the flow to the screen free and which may be stepped on. Therefore, the overflow channel is passable and the screen is protected from stresses which are too high. Finally, according to a further suggestion of the present invention, the maximum pass-through volume flow of the outlet device(s) may be smaller than or equal to the maximum overflow volume flow. In the following, an embodiment of the device according to the present invention is described with reference to the drawings.



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